Our confusion isn’t all our fault.
Communal confusion is the result of institutionalisation.
‘Gaslighting’ is a form of psychological manipulation in which a person or a group covertly sows seeds of doubt in a targeted individual or group, making them question their own memory, perception, or judgement.
It may evoke changes in them, such as cognitive dissonance or low self-esteem, rendering the victim additionally dependent on the gaslighter for emotional support and validation. Using denial, misdirection, contradiction and misinformation, gaslighting involves attempts to destabilise the victim and the victim’s common sense.
Gaslighters belittle the victim’s emotions and feelings, staging of bizarre events with the intention of disorientating the victim.
The goal of gaslighting is gradually to undermine the victim’s confidence in their own ability to distinguish truth from falsehood, right from wrong, or reality from delusion, thereby rendering the individual or group pathologically dependent on the gaslighter for their thinking and feelings.